Dickson Fire Department

Fire Prevention

   

     The City of Dickson Fire Department is committed to the development and implementation of comprehensive proactive programs and procedures, which anticipate, recognize and assess fire risks and initiate actions to remove or reduce those fire risks.

     Although fire prevention is a fundamental responsibility of every departmental employee, the fire prevention division is specifically charged with the responsibilities of planning and coordinating fire prevention programs to inform, educate and to assist citizens in becoming more fire prevention/fire reduction oriented.

     The City of Dickson Fire Department places an emphasis on fire prevention programs and encourages citizen participation. This concept in enhanced by promoting citizens involvement through fire prevention programs.

Fire Prevention Week Poster Contest

 Fire Prevention Week is October 4-10, 2015. Fire departments nationwide observe this week each year to mark the anniversary of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The City of Dickson Fire Department in ,conjuctin with this week, participate in the "Fire Prevention Week Poster Contest". Each school inside the City of Dickson is asked to participate. Each year the participation from our kids is overwhelming.

This year’s theme for Fire Prevention Week is “Hear the Beep Where You Sleep: Every Bedroom Needs a Working Smoke Alarm.” According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), working smoke alarms cut the risk of dying in reported home fires in half. It is crucial that we use Fire Prevention Week to promote public awareness of fire prevention and fire safety, drawing special attention to the importance of working smoke alarms.

Please visit our winners page, 2015 Poster Contest Winners.

Station Tours

 

     Station tours and engine visits can be set up all during the year.  Children get a first hand look at the engines, ladders, hoses, firefighters and much more.  These tours allow the children to see the firefighters as their friends and be able to recognize the gear we wear. 

 

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Smoke Detectors: Ionization or Photoelectric?

 

How they work

     Ionization detectors contain a tiny mass of Americium-241, which is a source of alpha radiation.  The principle of using a small amount of radioactive material to ionize the air between two differently charged electrodes is to sense the presence of smoke particles.  The radiation passes through an ionization chamber, which is in an air-filled space between two electrodes, and permits a small constant current to flow between the electrodes.  Any smoke that enters the chamber absorbs the alpha particles which reduces the ionization and interrupts this flow of current, setting off the alarm.

 

     Photoelectric detectors use the principle of utilizing a light source and a photosensitive sensor.  When smoke particles enter the light path, some of the light is scattered by reflection and refraction onto the sensor.  In other words, when smoke blocks the light beam, the reduction in light reaching the photocell sets off the alarm.

 

Ionization vs. Photoelectric

Ionozation

  • Least expensive
  • Can detect particles of smoke too small to be visible
  • Warns when batteries are to low or failing
  • Better response to flaming fires

Photoelectric

  • Uses a light sensor
  • Quick to detect slow burning, smoky fires
  • Less sensitive to false alarms from cooking and bathroom steam
  • Faster response to smoldering fires

BOTH are effective and must pass the same tests to be certified as a listed Underwriters Laboratory (UL).  The number and location of alarms is more important than the type.

Safety Tips

 

  • Always call 911 in case of an emergency
  • In case of fire - GET OUT and STAY OUT
  • Any smoke, stay low and crawl to safety
  • Stop, drop and roll if your clothes catch on fire
  • Test your smoke detectors monthly and change batteries twice per year when you set your clocks
  • Never disable a detector by borrowing its battery for another use
  • Plan and practice two escape routes with your family and establish a meeting place
  • Never leave cooking unattended
  • Put a lid on a grease fire, never use water
  • Never use an appliance with a frayed cord
  • Keep lighters, matches and medications away from children
  • Keep heaters away from curtains and furniture
  • Remove lint from dryer regularly
  • Purchase a fire extinguisher and learn how to use it
  • Always turn pot handles toward the center of the stove
  • Never fill a gasoline container while in vehicle; always place it on ground to fill
  • Never store flammable lliquids in your house or garage
  • Never wear loose clothing while cooking
  • Never run a heater's cord or extension cord under a rug, carpet or furniture